Cost Structure of Shipping a 40ft Container to USA from China Door to Door
The total door-to-door shipping cost from China to the USA is comprised of 3 parts, Origin costs + Sea freight + Destination costs
Origin costsOrigin costs are these fees incurred at origin, from factory to the port of loading, often covered by seller since FOB is the most common incoterm.
Truck fee: Pick up and deliver the container of goods from factory to port
Customs: customs clearance for cargo export
Booking fee: applied to each container booking in East China and North China, South China has no such fee
THC/ORC: THC stands for terminal handling charge; ORC stands for origin receiving charge. They two are actually the same thing, but at different prices. Ports that charge ORC charge no booking fee.
DOC: Shipping line documentation
Manifest: for customs
SEAL: container lock
EIR: Equipment Interchange Receipt
VGM: Verified Gross Mass
AMS: Automated Manifest System
Sea FreightSea Freight (ocean freight/sea shipping) is the port to port transport, and sometimes from a Chinese port to a US inland container terminal.
Destination costsDestination costs are charges incurred after arrival at POD, mainly clearing, duty and delivering the shipment to consignee.
Customs clearance: import clearance, shipment entry
ISF: Importer security filing
With continuous customs bond, clearance and ISF are cheaper. It’s suggested to obtain continuous bond when you are importing frequently or high value products.
Import duty: at actual cost
Truck fee: delivery from port to warehouse
Chassis fee: charge by day
Pier Pass, clean truck fee: For California
Pre-pull is recommended to avoid high demurrage cost, when consignee can’t receive the goods, or delivery can’t be done or there’s a holiday, but free storage time is out. It comes with cheaper storage fee.
Other fees may occur according to the specific situation and client’s requirements: chassis split, congestion, toll, warehousing, loading/offloading
Below is a clear illustration of shipping cost structure from China to the USA door to door, including offloading in warehouse.
|40ft container door to door shipping from China to the USA|
|Factory to port||Truck fee||2400||Pick-up/return Yangshan terminal|
|Port to port||Ocean freight||4000||port to port shipping cost|
|US charges||Customs clearance||100||With continuous customs bond|
|ISF||35||With continuous customs bond|
|Chassis fee||240||USD80/day (effective from Dec 1)|
|Pier pass, clean truck fee||160|
|Subtotal||4865||6610||Subtotal in CNY and USD|
|TOTAL||$7,376.14||Total in USD|
|1. Valid till Dec 14
2. Import duty: at actual cost
3. Customs inspection fee at actual cost if it occurs
4. Waiting time: free 2 hour, USD95/H thereafter
5. Pre-pull: USD150 (if needed), coupled with storage fee USD50/day)
6. Insurance: Value×1.1×0.2% (optional)
7. Clearance fee: USD150 + (Value+duty)×0.5% (without continuous bond, min 65)
ISF: USD35+75 (without continuous bond)